There are many different techniques of teeth whitening, including at home. This diversity made it difficult to choose, as each technology has both minuses and pluses which should be taken into account to prevent the error.
Teeth whitening is one of the most popular procedures in aesthetic dentistry, it involves the cleansing of the enamel from plaque and discoloration of dentin under the influence of active substances agents. Depending on the needs and the state of dentition of the patient, the dentist determines the type of whitening that will "lighten" the smile on a 4 — 12 colours.
There are several methods of professional teeth whitening, but almost all of them are based on chemical oxidation reaction:
In the outpatient setting, the procedure of whitening can be done in one session. Its duration depends on the chosen method: the cleansing of teeth unit Air Flow takes about 30 minutes, photo-whitening — 1.5-2 hours.
The most common bleaching agent in aesthetic dentistry is carbamide peroxide.
Based on it created whitening gels, strips and pencils — Belle, Supersmile, Rembrandt, Sheer White and others. These funds are used technology Zoom 3 and procedures under the supervision of a physician at home.
Darkening of "dead" teeth can be the result of endodontic treatment with the use of resorcinol. In this case, do the cleaning of channels: from a tooth extracted and a filling inside the channels in the injected chemically-active substance (usually sodium perborate with hydrogen peroxide 30% strength). After 3-4 days the procedure is repeated and so on to achieve the desired effect according to Vita scale. Then install a permanent seal.
"The plaque smoker" and yellowing of the enamel caused by the intake of "coloring" products (coffee, black tea, red wine), are removed by the method of Air Flow.
Using the technology of Air Flow can not only lighten your smile, but also improve the structure of the enamel, to smooth out the bumps. It uses salt, soda and flavorings. As with photo-whitening, mucous membranes of the patient are isolated with a protective gel, then the teeth sent a jet of water with baking soda.
The bleaching effect is maintained for 6-12 months.
Most private dental clinics, in addition to standard machines, is also equipped with halogen lamps Philips. Under their influence the components of the bleaching gel are activated, the oxidation reaction and the active agents eliminate discolourness.
Procedure of chemical bleaching requires compliance with safety regulations:
Minus photo-whitening — higher cost than, say, cleaning Air Flow.
Teeth whitening is possible and in house conditions. But please note, only under the supervision of a doctor! Drugs that are used for this purpose, contain acid and, if the wrong breeding, can leave chemical burns in the mouth.
Safe technology of teeth whitening involves several steps:
Results from home treatments are visible after a week and the maximum effect we can expect 20-35 days.
The most effective according to experts (8-12 colors) is a method of photo-whitening. In this way it is possible to achieve lightening of 4-8 tones. Wearing the home cap helps whiten teeth 3-6 shades.
If there are contraindications to such procedures (allergic reactions, intake of photosensitive drugs, pregnancy and lactation), your dentist may recommend you a safe whitening toothpaste that will whiten the enamel on 1-2 pitch. For example, Colgate Optic White, Toms of Maine or Armand Hammer Whitening Booster.
The unpleasant feeling and taste in your mouth disappear after 2-3 days, and the results of the procedure, depending on the method chosen, persist for from six months to 7 years.
Possible side effects:
The advantages of professional whitening:
The teeth whitening procedure available both in the private and public dental clinics. Before bleaching, the doctor can recommend the sanitation of the oral cavity.