Methods of teeth whitening

There are many different techniques of teeth whitening, including at home. This diversity made it difficult to choose, as each technology has both minuses and pluses which should be taken into account to prevent the error.

Teeth whitening is one of the most popular procedures in aesthetic dentistry, it involves the cleansing of the enamel from plaque and discoloration of dentin under the influence of active substances agents. Depending on the needs and the state of dentition of the patient, the dentist determines the type of whitening that will "lighten" the smile on a 4 — 12 colours.

 Methods of bleaching and cleaning

3 step professional whitening

There are several methods of professional teeth whitening, but almost all of them are based on chemical oxidation reaction:

  1. The doctor applies whitening gel to the teeth;
  2. It enhances the activity of the heated special lamp or laser beam.
  3. Then wash off reagents with water and covers dentition protective fluoride varnish.

Prices on whitening

  • The most affordable procedure is microabrasion and dental cleaning using baking soda. Manufacturer of silicone cap, buy whitening gel, and home an application under the supervision of a dentist will cost 6000 rubles.
  • The most expensive will cost a session photo-whitening, but the effect of this type of bleaching will continue for 5-7 years.

How long will the procedure take

In the outpatient setting, the procedure of whitening can be done in one session. Its duration depends on the chosen method: the cleansing of teeth unit Air Flow takes about 30 minutes, photo-whitening — 1.5-2 hours.

the procedure for teeth whitening

The types of teeth whitening

  • Deep whitening.

    The most common bleaching agent in aesthetic dentistry is carbamide peroxide.

    Based on it created whitening gels, strips and pencils — Belle, Supersmile, Rembrandt, Sheer White and others. These funds are used technology Zoom 3 and procedures under the supervision of a physician at home.

  • Endodontic bleaching

    Darkening of "dead" teeth can be the result of endodontic treatment with the use of resorcinol. In this case, do the cleaning of channels: from a tooth extracted and a filling inside the channels in the injected chemically-active substance (usually sodium perborate with hydrogen peroxide 30% strength). After 3-4 days the procedure is repeated and so on to achieve the desired effect according to Vita scale. Then install a permanent seal.

  • Mechanical cleaning

    "The plaque smoker" and yellowing of the enamel caused by the intake of "coloring" products (coffee, black tea, red wine), are removed by the method of Air Flow.

Bleaching method is the Air Flow

Using the technology of Air Flow can not only lighten your smile, but also improve the structure of the enamel, to smooth out the bumps. It uses salt, soda and flavorings. As with photo-whitening, mucous membranes of the patient are isolated with a protective gel, then the teeth sent a jet of water with baking soda.

The bleaching effect is maintained for 6-12 months.

Zoom 3

Most private dental clinics, in addition to standard machines, is also equipped with halogen lamps Philips. Under their influence the components of the bleaching gel are activated, the oxidation reaction and the active agents eliminate discolourness.

Procedure of chemical bleaching requires compliance with safety regulations:

  1. The gums are isolated using liquid cofferdam, protecting the patient's eye through special glasses.
  2. Teeth cleaned toothpaste with a high content of abrasive substances.
  3. For the crown to apply a layer of whitening gel. Every 10-20 minutes the doctor updates the application.
  4. Liquid bleach on the teeth "Shine" with a special lamp.
  5. After the procedure, the remaining gel washed off with plenty of water, the dentist covers the teeth with a fluoride varnish.

Minus photo-whitening — higher cost than, say, cleaning Air Flow.

Ways of whitening teeth at home

Teeth whitening is possible and in house conditions. But please note, only under the supervision of a doctor! Drugs that are used for this purpose, contain acid and, if the wrong breeding, can leave chemical burns in the mouth.

Safe technology of teeth whitening involves several steps:

  1. The dentist takes an impression of the patient's teeth and sends the material to the lab, which made individual silicone trays.
  2. The tray is filled with a special gel, acid the concentration of which is up to 10 times lower compared to professional tools for use in the outpatient setting.
  3. The patient uses a daily design, gradually increasing the time wearing the tray from 1 to 8 hours.

Results from home treatments are visible after a week and the maximum effect we can expect 20-35 days.

Comparison of results under different methods of whitening

The most effective according to experts (8-12 colors) is a method of photo-whitening. In this way it is possible to achieve lightening of 4-8 tones. Wearing the home cap helps whiten teeth 3-6 shades.

If there are contraindications to such procedures (allergic reactions, intake of photosensitive drugs, pregnancy and lactation), your dentist may recommend you a safe whitening toothpaste that will whiten the enamel on 1-2 pitch. For example, Colgate Optic White, Toms of Maine or Armand Hammer Whitening Booster.

The pros and cons of the procedure

The unpleasant feeling and taste in your mouth disappear after 2-3 days, and the results of the procedure, depending on the method chosen, persist for from six months to 7 years.

Possible side effects:

  • discomfort and slight pain of the teeth when heated by the lamp and the effect on the enamel of abrasive substances;
  • redness of the gums;
  • increased sensitivity teeth.

The advantages of professional whitening:

  • clarification on 10 or more tones;
  • no harm to the enamel;
  • the efficiency of the methods (only 1 session!);
  • long-lasting aesthetic effect.

The teeth whitening procedure available both in the private and public dental clinics. Before bleaching, the doctor can recommend the sanitation of the oral cavity.